Nineteenth Annual Report to the Prime Minister on the Public Service of Canada

Annex A: By the Numbers - A Demographic Profile of the Federal Public Service for 2011

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Nineteenth Annual Report to the Prime Minister on the Public Service of Canada

This annex presents select demographics for the Federal Public Service (FPS)1 in fiscal year 2010-11, with some focus on the executive (EX) cadre. Arrows in the tables show comparisons (growth, decline, or stability) to the figures for 2009-10.

Supplementary demographic information is available at

Number of Employees

Number of Employees
All Employees (Decrease) 282,352
Executives (EX) (Increase) 6,966
EX minus 1 (Increase) 12,397
EX minus 2 (Increase) 18,702
Deputy Ministers (DMs) (Decrease) 42
Associate DMs (Increase) 37

Government priorities (including fiscal restraint) drive the FPS population.

Since 2008-09, the growth rate has been slowing down. The FPS population decreased (-0.21%) compared to the previous year.

Employee Types

Employee Types
Indeterminate (Increase) 86.8%
Term (Decrease) 8.4%
Casual and Students (Decrease) 4.8%

Recently, fixed-term hiring (term, casual, and students) decreased. Compared to last year, the term population has declined from 9.1% to 8.4%.

While the indeterminate population increased slightly, its proportion to other employment types has remained relatively steady since 1983.

Mobility in the Core Public Administration (CPA)

Mobility in the CPA
New Indeterminate Employees (Decrease) 11,677
Retirements/Departures* (Increase) 9,476
Promotions (Decrease) 18,197
Transfers (Decrease) 19,179

* Including to a separate agency.

After several years of increased mobility, this is now slowing down.

Compared to 2009-10, the number of new indeterminate employees decreased by 28.4% and the internal mobility rate decreased to 18.1%.

Total departures remain relatively stable, continuing to be driven by retirements (73% of all departures).

While most internal mobility occurs within the same department, approximately 3% is between departments. Continuing the trend of the last decade, the departure rate of new indeterminate employees has remained low (1-3%).

Average Age

Average Age
FPS (Increase) 44.1 years
EX (Stable) 50.0 years
EX 01 to EX 03 (Stable) 49.8 years
EX 04 to EX 05 (Stable) 53.3 years
EX minus 1 (Stable) 48.4 years
EX minus 2 (Stable) 45.8 years
DM (Increase) 56.1 years
Associate DM (Increase) 54.9 years

The average age of federal public servants has slightly increased from 43.9 years in 2010 to 44.1 years in 2011 (compared to 44.3 years in 2005).

Although steady compared to last year, the percentage of EXs over 50 decreased from 58.9% in 2005 to 53.2% in 2011.

Since 2003, the average ages of EXs (at both lower and senior levels) have remained stable. While previously also true for deputies and associates, their average age increased from last year.

Years of Experience

Years of Experience
0-4 years (Increase) 23.7%
5-14 years (Increase) 38.4%
15-24 years (Decrease) 20.3%
25+ years (Decrease) 17.6%

The proportion of employees in the FPS with 0-4 and 5-14 years of experience increased from last year.

Meanwhile, the proportion with 15-24 and over 25 years of experience decreased.

This reflects recruitment and retirement patterns, continuing trends evident since 2007.

First Official Language

First Official Language
FPS: French (Stable) 29.2%
FPS: English (Stable) 70.8%
EX: French (Stable) 30.1%
EX: English (Stable) 69.9%

Official languages representation is virtually unchanged from the previous year. This continues a stable trend over the past 25 years.

Representation vs. Workforce Availability (WFA)2

Representation vs. WFA for 2010-11
Federal Public Service (FPS)
Core Public Administration (CPA)
Executives (EX) and New Hires

Members of a Visible Minority Group

  • FPS: (Increase) 12.6% vs. WFA: 13.0%
  • CPA EX: (Increase) 7.8% vs. WFA: 7.4%
  • CPA New Hires: (Decrease) 18.6% vs. WFA: 12.4%

Persons with Disabilities

  • FPS: (Stable) 5.6% vs. WFA: 4.0%
  • CPA EX: (Decrease) 5.4% vs. WFA: 4.0%
  • CPA New Hires: (Decrease) 2.6% vs. WFA: 4.0%

Aboriginal Peoples

  • FPS: (Increase) 4.3% vs. WFA: 2.9%
  • CPA EX: (Increase) 3.8% vs. WFA: 4.5%
  • CPA New Hires: (Increase) 4.7% vs. WFA: 3.0%


  • FPS: (Increase) 55.3% vs. WFA: 52.8%
  • CPA EX: (Increase) 44.9% vs. WFA: 45.2%
  • CPA New Hires: (Decrease) 55.2% vs. WFA: 52.3%

In the past 10 years, there have been significant gains in the representation of all four Employment Equity groups.

Overall, representation levels of all groups met or were close to meeting workforce availabilities. This was also true for the EX cadre, with the exception of Aboriginal peoples.

Women comprised 44.9% of the EX community, a significant gain since 1983 (less than 5%).

Compared to last year, the proportion of new hires has decreased for all groups, except for Aboriginal peoples, which saw a slight increase.

The diversity of the Canadian population has been growing significantly, which will be reflected when workforce availability figures are updated with data from Census 2011.

  1. The “Federal Public Service” refers to the Core Public Administration (CPA) – departments and agencies for which the Treasury Board is the employer – and separate employers (principally the Canada Revenue Agency, Parks Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and National Research Council Canada). Data are primarily provided by the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer and are current as of March 31, 2011, unless otherwise indicated. Benchmark years provided for comparisons usually identify the beginning of a trend, indicate the post-Program Review period, or mark the first year for reliable data (such as the year 1983, used in previous Annual Reports).
  2. Workforce availability (WFA) for an Employment Equity designated group is the percentage of these citizens working in occupations in the Canadian workforce that correspond to occupations in the Federal Public Service (FPS), with the data being derived from 2006 Census statistics. Data for new FPS hires come from the Public Service Commission. The employee population for new hires in the Core Public Administration (CPA) is based on those organizations under the Public Service Employment Act. Data for the FPS are based on the indeterminate population and term population of three months or more in the CPA and employees of separate employers. Some small separate employers were not included because of missing information. WFA estimates for the FPS are based on the 2006 Census.